According to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment rate of computer & IT occupations is likely to grow 12% from the year 2018 to 2028. This will add up to 546,200 new job occupations in the IT sector. Despite, the increase in IT jobs and a tech skills shortage in the market, there has been a poor employment prospects for Computer Science graduates.
Several students having master’s and bachelor’s degree in Computer Science are struggling to find a job in the IT industry. As per a study, the unemployment rate of recent CS graduates has spiked to 7.8 percent. It has put Computer Science graduates under a contradictory situation of why they are not getting employment opportunities even when a large number of companies claim to have a dire shortage of tech skills.
The biggest reason for companies not considering CS graduates to fill the job openings is due to their lack of real-time practical experience. IT employers takes 50% longer to hire a candidate than other recruiters as they want highly-qualified developers with exceptional coding skills.
In this blog we will determine all the factors that led to the rise in unemployment rate for Computer Science graduates. Also, we will highlight some considerable ways to get sustainable tech jobs.
Why do Tech Companies not hire Computer Science Graduates?
There is a reason why the largest IT companies in the world like Google and Apple look beyond degrees for hiring candidates. Today, most high-paying tech jobs require more than just a degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. Instead these jobs call for extensive industry knowledge of software development with its hands-on experience. Let’ evaluate some factors that contributes to the inflating unemployment rate for Computer Science students and why companies not hire them:
Outdated Curriculum– Computer Science curriculum usually focus on low-level programming. It teaches more theoretical & fundamental concepts year after year without much revision. Since the curriculum is outdated and covers the general basics of programming, it confines the knowledge of students. Thus, a majority of new CS grads only have the fundamental knowledge of algorithms, computer language theory & software development.
Lack of right Tech Skills– The IT industry is gaga over the trending technologies like Big Data, Cloud Computing, Machine Learning, Automation, and Java web development. Most tech companies prefer to hire employees who are proficient in using the latest technologies rather than hiring Computer Science graduates who do not possess the essential skills required for software development and other IT projects.
Fast evolution of Technology– Information technology is an ever-changing environment. It keeps on evolving with each passing hour. So, to sustain in such settings one needs to adopt agile learning approach as the traditional learning methods do not prepare students to cope with the dynamic nature of technical sphere. Also, Computer Science graduates lack the ability to accommodate with the technological changes due to their limited scope of study.
No real–time Experience– When it comes to the IT sector, practical experience is way more significant than the theoretical knowledge. Employers today hire professionals with real-time experience in Java, DevOps, AWS, MERN Stack, Python and other modern frameworks. To meet the latest hiring standards of tech companies, CS graduates need to acquire some field experience. Companies expect high-quality work and cannot risk their reputation by hiring a recent graduate.
Access to ready-made IT talent from Outsourcing – To bridge the IT skills gap, employers either decides to outsource efficient resources. This helps companies to easily get skilled developers that can take prompt actions without any need for training.
Hiring Foreign Workers on H-1, L-1, E-2, or B1 Visas- Top tech companies such as Deloitte, Microsoft, and Amazon hire foreign workers by getting more H-1B, L-1, E-2 and B1 visas. To stay in the competitive market, IT companies of U.S. employs the best talent globally regardless of nationality.
The U.S. Department of Labor says that by the end of 2020, there will be 1.4 million computer specialist job openings, but the universities of U.S. shall only be able to produce 29% of graduates to fill these jobs positions, thus foreign workers are the only source to fill the tech talent shortage.
Top 5 Tips to get hired in Tech
Many students with a degree in Computer Science think that they can easily enter into the IT industry, however, they soon get a reality-check when the companies reject their job applications. Nowadays, businesses look for the people who have got the right skills to deploy software and tech gadgets.
In order to thrive in this tech world, you need to gain expertise in top programming languages, databases, web frameworks, platforms, libraries, statistical methods, and workflow tools. Here are some tips that will help you commence a successful career in IT:
Non-traditional education route can meet the current tech job demands- About 40% of tech jobs do not require a four-year degree in Computer Science. Over the years, there has been an increase in the fast-track IT training programs, popularly known as “coding bootcamp.” The bootcamps prepare people with a little technical knowledge for the high-level tech jobs in just few months. So, rather than investing plenty of time & money in learning abstract concepts of CS, one should prefer enrolling into an upskill IT program.
Gain job ready tech skills- Lately, IT companies have adopted a new hiring approach that mainly emphasize on the skills. It enables job seekers to showcase their coding skills and get hired even if they don’t have the traditional qualifications like Engineering or Computer Science degrees. Differentiate yourself from being an average learner and keep up to date with the latest industry trends. Learn through online or campus-based courses to attain the right training.
Get experience– To accelerate your chances of getting hired by a tech company, you should get some real-world experience. Computer Science students must look for summer job placements and internships. Volunteer your tech skills for building your friend’s website or local groups. Once you gain adequate experience, approach to the startups or small IT firms and offer your services on reduced prices. During the inception stage of your IT career you should only focus on building a strong work portfolio by procuring real-time experiences.
Develop Soft Skills- Don’t just learn coding skills but also work on your soft skills. Tech companies want leaders who can streamline their business operations with result-driven mindset. To accomplish a high position in the technical sphere, you need to have fluent communication skills, a zeal to learn new methods, and good work-ethics in addition to excellent command over coding.
Immerse yourself into Programming- If you want to build an IT career go above and beyond to ace the subject of coding. Don’t escape any opportunity to enrich your programming knowledge. Subscribe to coding-related podcasts or audiobooks, join programming groups on social media, bookmark some valuable blogs on the bootcamp websites, etc.
The Tech-industry provide thousands of job opportunities for the candidates with the right skills and knowledge. Rise above the average learners of Computer Science graduates and gain practical skills to secure a job in IT.
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