Welcome to your AWS Free Test - 5

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1.

Question:

An application running on AWS uses an Amazon Aurora Multi-AZ deployment for its database When evaluating performance metrics, a solutions architect discovered that the database reads are causing high I/O and adding latency to the write requests against the database

What should the solutions architect do to separate the read requests from the write requests?

Select 1 option(s):
2.

Question:

A company’s website is using an Amazon RDS MySQL Multi-AZ DB instance for its transactional data storage.

There are other internal systems that query this DB instance to fetch data for internal batch processing. The RDS DB instance slows down significantly the internal systems fetch data. This impacts the website’s read and write performance, and the users experience slow response times.

Which solution will improve the website's performance?

Select 1 option(s):

3.

Question:

A company has on-premises servers running a relational database The current database serves high read traffic for users in different locations The company wants to migrate to AWS with the least amount of effort The database solution should support disaster recovery and not affect the company's current traffic flow.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Select 1 option(s):
4.

Question:

A company's application hosted on Amazon EC2 instances needs to access an Amazon S3 bucket. Due to data sensitivity, traffic cannot traverse the internet How should a solutions architect configure access?

Select 1 option(s):
5.

Question:

A company has global users accessing an application deployed in different AWS Regions, exposing public static IP addresses. The users are experiencing poor performance when accessing the application over the internet.

What should a solutions architect recommend to reduce internet latency?

Select 1 option(s):
6.

Question:

A company is planning to migrate a business-critical dataset to Amazon S3. The current solution design uses a single S3 bucket in the us-east-1 Region with versioning enabled to store the dataset. The company's disaster recovery policy states that all data multiple AWS Regions.

How should a solutions architect design the S3 solution?

Select 1 option(s):
7.

Question:

A company's application is running on Amazon EC2 instances m a single Region in the event of a disaster a solutions architect needs to ensure that the resources can also be deployed to a second Region

Which combination of actions should the solutions architect take to accomplish this?

Select 2 option(s):
8.

Question:

A security team wants to limit access to specific services or actions in all of the team's AWS accounts. All accounts belong to a large organization in AWS Organizations The solution must be scalable and there must be a single point where permissions can be maintained.

What should a solutions architect do to accomplish this?

Select 1 option(s):
9.

Question:

A company has deployed an API in a VPC behind an internet-facing Application Load Balancer (ALB) An application that consumes the API as a client is deployed in a second account in private subnets behind a NAT gateway. When requests to the client application increase, the NAT gateway costs are higher than expected. A solutions architect has configured the ALB to be internal.

Which combination of architectural changes will reduce the NAT gateway costs?

Select 2 option(s):
10.

Question:

An application requires a development environment (DEV) and production environment (PROD) for several years. The DEV instances will run for 10 hours each day during normal business hours, while the PROD instances will run 24 hours each day. A solutions architect needs to determine a compute instance purchase strategy to minimize costs.

Which solution is the MOST cost-effective?

Select 1 option(s):
11.

Question:

A company is migrating a three-tier application to AWS. The application requires a MySQL database. In the past, the application users reported poor application performance when creating new entries. These performance issues were caused by users generating different real-time reports from the application duringworking hours.

Which solution will improve the performance of the application when it is moved to AWS?

Select 1 option(s):
12.

Question:

A company’s web application uses an Amazon RDS PostgreSQL DB instance to store its application data.

During the financial closing period at the start of every month. Accountants run large queries that impact the database's performance due to high usage. The company wants to minimize the impact that the reporting activity has on the web application.

What should a solutions architect do to reduce the impact on the database with the LEAST amount of effort?

Select 1 option(s):
13.

Question:

A solution architect must migrate a Windows internet information Services (IIS) web application to AWS. The application currently relies on a file share hosted in the user's on-premises network-attached storage (NAS).

The solution architected has proposed migrating the IIS web servers

Which replacement to the on-promises filo share is MOST resilient and durable?

Select 1 option(s):
14.

Question:

A solutions architect needs to ensure that API calls to Amazon DynamoDB from Amazon EC2 instances in a VPC do not traverse the internet What should the solutions architect do to accomplish this?

Select 2 option(s):
15.

Question:

An application runs on Amazon EC2 instances across multiple Availability Zones The instances run in an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling group behind an Application Load Balancer The application performs best when the CPU utilization of the EC2 instances is at or near 40%

What should a solutions architect do to maintain the desired performance across all instances m the group?

Select 1 option(s):
16.

Question:

A company's website is used to sell products to the public The site runs on Amazon EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group behind an Application Load Balancer (ALB) There is also an Amazon CloudFront distribution and AWS WAF is being used to protect against SQL injection attacks The ALB is the origin for the CloudFront distribution A recent review of security logs revealed an external malicious IP that needs to be blocked from accessing the website

What should a solutions architect do to protect the application?

Select 1 option(s):
17.

Question:

A solutions architect is designing a new service behind Amazon API Gateway The request patterns for the service will be unpredictable and can change suddenly from 0 requests to over 500 per second The total size of the data that needs to be persisted in a backend database is currently less than 1 GB with unpredictable future growth Data can be queried using simple key-value requests

Which combination of AWS services would meet these requirements?

Select 2 option(s):
18.

Question:

A marketing company is storing CSV files in an Amazon S3 bucket for statistical analysis An application on an Amazon EC2 instance needs permission to efficiently process the CSV data stored in the S3 bucket.

Which action will MOST securely grant the EC2 instance access to the S3 bucket?

Select 1 option(s):

19.

Question:

A company is developing a real-time multiplier game that uses UDP for communications between client and servers in an Auto Scaling group Spikes in demand are anticipated during the day, so the game server platform must adapt accordingly. Developers want to store gamer scores and other non-relational data in a database solution that will scale without intervention.

Which solution should a solution architect recommend?

Select 1 option(s):
20.

Question:

A company runs multiple Amazon EC2 Linux instances in a VPC with applications that use a hierarchical directory structure. The applications need to rapidly and concurrently read and write to shared storage How can this be achieved?

Select 1 option(s):
21.

Question:

An ecommerce company is running a multi-tier application on AWS. The front-end and backend tiers both run on Amazon EC2. and the database runs on Amazon RDS for MySQL. The backend tier communicates with the RDS instance. There are frequent calls to return identical datasets from the database that are causing performance slowdowns.

Which action should be taken to improve the performance of the backend?

Select 1 option(s):
22.

Question:

A company is hosting a web application on AWS using a single Amazon EC2 instance that stores user-uploaded documents in an Amazon EBS volume For better scalability and availability the company duplicated the architecture and created a second EC2 instance and EBS volume in another Availability Zone: placing both behind an Application Load Balancer After completing this change users reported that each time they refreshed the website they could see one subset of their documents or the other but never all of the documents at the same time

What should a solutions architect propose to ensure users see all of their documents at once?

Select 1 option(s):
23.

Question:

A company collects temperature, humidity, and atmospheric pressure data in cities across multiple continents. The average volume of data collected per site each day is 500 GB. Each site has a high-speed internet connection. The company's weather forecasting applications are based in a single Region and analyze the data daily.

What is the FASTEST way to aggregate data for all of these global sites?

Select 1 option(s):

24.

Question:

A company has a mobile chat application with a data store based in Amazon DynamoDB. Users would like new messages to be read with as little latency as possible. A solutions architect needs to design an optimal solution that requires minimal application changes.

Which method should the solutions architect select?

Select 1 option(s):
25.

Question:

A solutions architect has configured the following IAM policy.

{

          "Version": "2012-10-17",

          "Statement" : [

                   {

                             "Effect" : "Allow",

                             "Action" : [

                                      "lambda :* "

                             ],

                             {

                                      "Effect" : "Deny",

                                      "Action" : [

                                                "lambda : CreateFunction",

                                                "lambda : DeleteFunction",

                                      ],

                                      "Resource" : "*"

                                      "Condition" : {

                                                "IpAddress",

                                                          "aws:SourceIp": "220.100.16.0/20"

                                                }                                             

                                      }

                             }                                   

                   ]

          }  

Which action will be allowed by the policy?

Select 1 option(s):
26.

Question:

A company wants to use an AWS Region as a disaster recovery location for its on-premises infrastructure. The company has 10 TB of existing data, and the on-premise data center has a 1 Gbps internet connection. A solutions architect must find a solution so the company can have its existing data on AWS in 72 hours without transmitting it using an unencrypted channel.

Which solution should the solutions architect select?

Select 1 option(s):
27.

Question:

A company has an Amazon EC2 instance running on a private subnet that needs to access a public websites to download patches and updates. The company does not want external websites to see the EC2 instance IP address or initiate connection to it.

How can a solution architect achieve this objective?

Select 1 option(s):
28.

Question:

A company has 150 TB of archived image data stored on-premises that needs to be mowed to the AWS Cloud within the next month. The company's current network connection allows up to 100 Mbps uploads for this purpose during the night only.

What is the MOST cost-effective mechanism to move this data and meet the migration deadline?

Select 1 option(s):

29.

Question:

A media streaming company collects real-time data and stores it in a disk-optimized database system The company is not getting the expected throughput and wants an in-memory database storage solution that performs faster and provides high availability using data replication.

Which database should a solutions architect recommend'?

Select 1 option(s):

30.

Question:

A company is running an ecommerce application on Amazon EC2 The application consists of a stateless web tier that requires a minimum of 10 instances, and a peak of 250 instances to support the application's usage The application requires 50 instances 80% of the time

Which solution should be used to minimize costs?

Select 1 option(s):
31.

Question:

A web application is deployed in the AWS Cloud It consists of a two-tier architecture that includes a web layer and a database layer The web server is vulnerable to cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks

What should a solutions architect do to remediate the vulnerability?

Select 1 option(s):
32.

Question:

A company hosts an application on multiple Amazon EC2 instances The application processes messages from an Amazon SQS queue writes to an Amazon RDS table and deletes the message from the queue Occasional duplicate records are found in the RDS table The SQS queue does not contain any duplicate messages

What should a solutions archived do to ensure messages are being processed once only?

Select 1 option(s):

33.

Question:

A company's production application runs online transaction processing (OLTP) transactions on an Amazon RDS MySQL DB instance The company is launching a new reporting tool that will access the same data The reporting tool must be highly available and not impact the performance of the production application.

How can this be achieved?

Select 1 option(s):
34.

Question:

A company is performing an AWS Well-Architected Framework review of an existing workload deployed on AWS. The review identified a public-facing website running on the same Amazon EC2 instance as a Microsoft Active Directory domain controller that was install recently to support other AWS services. A solutions architect needs to recommend a new design that would improve the security of the architecture and minimize the administrative demand on IT staff.

What should the solutions architect recommend?

Select 1 option(s):
35.

Question:

A company hosts a static website on-premises and wants to migrate the website to AWS The website should load as quickly as possible for users around the world The company also wants the most cost-effective solution

What should a solutions architect do to accomplish this?

Select 1 option(s):
36.

Question:

A company has a three-tier image-sharing application it uses an Amazon EC2 instance for the front-end layer, another for the backend tier, and a third for the MySQL database A solutions architect has been tasked with designing a solution that is highly available, and requires the least amount of changes to the application.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Select 1 option(s):
37.

Question:

A company is using Amazon DynamoDB with provisioned throughput for the database tier of its ecommerce website. During flash sales, customers experience periods of time when the database cannot handle the high number of transactions taking place. This causes the company to lose transactions During normal periods, the database performs appropriately.

Which solution solves the performance problem the company faces?

Select 1 option(s):

38.

Question:

An online shopping application accesses an Amazon RDS Multi-AZ DB instance. Database performance is slowing down the application. After upgrading to the next-generation instance type, there was no significant performance improvement.

Analysis shows approximately 700 IOPS are sustained, common queries run for long durations and memory utilization is high.

Which application change should a solutions architect recommend to resolve these issues?

Select 1 option(s):
39.

Question:

A company has several business systems that require access to data stored in a file share. the business systems will access the file share using the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol. The file share solution should be accessible from both of the company's legacy on-premises environment and with AWS.

Which services mod the business requirements?

Select 2 option(s):
40.

Question:

A company mandates that an Amazon S3 gateway endpoint must allow traffic to trusted buckets only

Which method should a solutions architect implement to meet this requirement?

Select 1 option(s):
41.

Question:

A healthcare company stores highly sensitive patient records. Compliance requires that multiple copies be stored in different locations Each record must be stored for 7 years. The company has a service level agreement (SLA) to provide records to government agencies immediately for the first 30 days and then within 4 hours of a request thereafter.

What should a solutions architect recommend?

Select 1 option(s):
42.

Question:

A solution architect is designing a solution that involves orchestrating a series of Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) task types running on Amazon EC2 instances that are part of an ECS cluster. The output and state data for all tasks needs to be stored. The amount of data output by each task is approximately 10 MB, and there could be hundreds of tasks running at a time. The system should be optimized for high frequency reading and writing. As old outputs are archived and deleted the storage size is not expected to exceed 1 TB.

Which storage solution should the solution architect recommend?

Select 1 option(s):
43.

Question:

A company wants to optimize the cost of its data storage for data that is accessed quarterly. The company requires high throughput, low latency, and rapid access, when needed Which Amazon S3 storage class should a solutions architect recommend?

Select 1 option(s):
44.

Question:

A company stores user data in AWS. The data is used continuously with peak usage during business hours. Access patterns vary, with some data not being used for months at a time. A solution architect must choose a cost-effective solution that maintains the highest level of durability while maintaining high availability.

Which storage solution meets these requirements?

Select 1 option(s):
45.

Question:

A company is creating an architecture for a mobile app that requires minimal latency for its users The company's architecture consists of Amazon EC2 instances behind an Application Load Balancer running in an Auto Scaling group The EC2 instances connect to Amazon RDS. Application beta testing showed there was a slowdown when reading the data However the metrics indicate that the EC2 instances do not cross any CPU utilization thresholds

How can this issue be addressed1?

Select 1 option(s):
46.

Question:

A disaster response team is using drones to collect images ot recent storm damage. The response team's laptops lack the storage and compute capacity to transfer the images and process the data. While the team has Amazon EC2 instances for processing and Amazon S3 buckets for storage, network connectivity is intermittent and unreliable. The images need to be processed to evaluate the damage.

What should a solutions architect recommend?

Select 1 option(s):
47.

Question:

A solutions architect needs to ensure that all Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes restored from unencrypted EBS snapshots are encrypted What should the solutions architect do to accomplish this?

Select 1 option(s):
48.

Question:

A media company has an application that tracks user clicks on its websites and performs analytics to provide near-real time recommendations. The application has a Heel of Amazon EC2 instances that receive data from the websites and send the data lo an Amazon RDS DB instance Another fleet of EC2 instances hosts the portion of the application that is continuously checking changes in the database and executing SQL queries to provide recommendations.

Management has requested a redesign to decouple the infrastructure The solution must ensure that data analysts are writing SQL to analyze the data only No data can the lost during the deployment

What should a solutions architect recommend?

Select 1 option(s):
49.

Question:

A company has three VPCs named Development, Testing and Production in the us-east-1 Region. The three VPCs need to be connected to an on-premises data center and are

designed to be separate to maintain security and prevent any resource sharing A solutions architect needs to find a scalable and secure solution

What should the solutions architect recommend?

Select 1 option(s):
50.

Question:

A solutions architect is developing a multiple-subnet VPC architecture. The solution will consist of six subnets in two Availability Zones. The subnets are defined as public, private and dedicated for databases Only the Amazon EC2 instances running in the private subnets should be able to access a database.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Select 1 option(s):
51.

Question:

A company has a highly dynamic batch processing job that uses many Amazon EC2 instances to complete it.

The job is stateless in nature, can be started and stopped at any given time with no negative impact, and typically takes upwards of 60 minutes total to complete The company has asked a solutions architect to design a scalable and cost-effective solution that meets the requirements of the job.

What should the solutions architect recommend?

Select 1 option(s):
52.

Question:

A company Is reviewing Its AWS Cloud deployment to ensure its data is not accessed by anyone without appropriate authorization. A solutions architect is tasked with identifying all open Amazon S3 buckets and recording any S3 bucket configuration changes.

What should the solutions architect do to accomplish this?

Select 1 option(s):
53.

Question:

A solutions architect is designing a security solution for a company that wants to provide developers with individual AWS accounts through AWS Organizations, while also maintaining standard security controls. Because the individual developers will have AWS account root user-level access to their own accounts, the solutions architect wants to ensure that the mandatory AWS CloudTrail configuration that is applied to new developer accounts is not modified.

Which action meets these requirements?

Select 1 option(s):
54.

Question:

A company recently implemented hybrid cloud connectivity using AWS Direct Connect and is migrating data to Amazon S3. The company is looking for a fully managed solution that will automate and accelerate the replication of data between the on-premises storage systems and AWS storage services.

Which solution should a solutions architect recommend to keep the data private?

Select 1 option(s):

55.

Question:

A company runs a static website through its on-premises data center. The company has multiple servers mat handle all of its traffic, but on busy days, services are interrupted and the website becomes unavailable. The company wants to expand its presence globally and plans to triple its website traffic.

What should a solutions architect recommend to meet these requirements?

Select 1 option(s):